Types of Public Speaking: Informative Speaking

Public speaking is a valuable skill that can catapult your career and personal life to new heights. One of the most common types of public speaking is informative speaking, designed to educate and enlighten audiences on various topics in an engaging way.

This blog post will delve into the fascinating world of informative speeches, exploring different types and offering tips for crafting a memorable presentation that keeps your audience captivated.

Whether you’re a seasoned speaker or just getting started, this guide will provide insight into making your next informative speech shine.

Key Takeaways

  • Informative speaking is a type of public speaking that aims to educate and inform the audience about a specific topic using factual information.
  • There are four different types of informative speeches including demonstrative, explanatory, descriptive, and comparative speeches that cater to different topics and purposes.
  • To deliver an effective informative speech, one should choose a captivating topic, use clear and concise language, organize information logically, utilize visual aids for the audience’s comprehension.

Understanding Informative Speaking

Definition And Purpose

Informative speaking is a type of public speaking that focuses on providing the audience with useful knowledge and understanding about a particular topic. Its primary purpose is to educate and inform listeners by presenting factual information in an engaging, easy-to-understand manner.

For instance, a nutritionist might deliver an informative speech on the benefits of a specific diet plan; they would explain its components and how it affects overall health.

Similarly, during an environmental conference, an expert might discuss climate change’s impact on natural habitats using data analysis and visual aids like maps or graphs.

Examples Of Informative Speeches

Informative speeches can cover a wide range of topics, from describing an object or person to explaining complex concepts and processes. Some informative speech examples include speaking about the history and significance of a famous landmark, providing information on the latest scientific discoveries, discussing different types of cuisines and their origins, and demonstrating how to use a new software program.

Other topics for informative speeches might include tips on financial planning or health maintenance techniques. The key is to provide factual information in an engaging manner that captures the audience’s attention while teaching them something new.

Different Types Of Informative Speeches

There are four different types of informative speeches that can be used depending on the topic and purpose, including demonstrative speeches, explanatory speeches, descriptive speeches, and comparative speeches.

Demonstrative Speeches: How To Do Or Use Something

Demonstrative speeches are among the most practical types of informative speeches, as they involve showing listeners how to perform a process or use an item. These speeches can cover a wide range of topics, from cooking techniques and DIY projects to technology tutorials and even makeup application tips.

Demonstrative speeches usually involve visual aids such as props or slides, which help the audience understand each step clearly. For instance, if someone were giving a demonstrative speech on how to make a smoothie, they might bring in ingredients and kitchen tools (such as blenders) to show their viewers exactly what’s involved.

Overall, demonstrative speeches can be incredibly effective because they allow people to learn something new through hands-on instruction.

Explanatory Speeches: Explaining Processes Or Ideas

Explanatory speeches are a type of informative speech that focuses on explaining complex processes or ideas to an audience. These speeches aim to break down complicated concepts and make them easier for the audience to understand by providing clear explanations.

For example, a speech explaining how photosynthesis works would fall under the category of explanatory speech. Similarly, a presentation on the process of building a house would be an explanatory speech as well.

To deliver an effective explanatory speech, it’s crucial to use simple language that everyone in your audience can understand. It’s also important to break down complex ideas into smaller parts, making it easier for people to grasp the topic at hand.

Overall, whether you’re presenting scientific research or explaining how something works, explanatory speeches play an important role in public speaking events by helping audiences gain new insights into unfamiliar topics and ideas.

Descriptive Speeches: Describing A Person, Place, Or Thing

Descriptive speeches are an excellent way to inform your audience about a specific person, place, or thing. These speeches are designed to help the listeners get a better understanding of what you’re talking about by using descriptive language and vivid imagery.

For example, if you were giving a speech on Paris, you could describe the Eiffel Tower as “a towering symbol of French culture” or “a breathtakingly beautiful monument that has become synonymous with love and romance.” Descriptive speeches allow you to paint a picture in your audience’s mind, so they feel like they’re experiencing it firsthand.

Comparative Speeches: Comparing Two Or More Things Or Ideas

Comparative speeches are a type of informative speech that involves comparing or contrasting two or more things or ideas. This type of speech is excellent for describing the similarities and differences between different objects, concepts, processes, issues, or events.

For instance, if you were giving a comparative speech on different types of coffee beans, you could compare their flavor profiles, growing regions, roasting methods and popular brewing techniques.

The best way to deliver an effective comparative speech is by organizing information logically so that your audience can easily follow it. You should use examples and visual aids to make your points clear while also making sure your language is concise and easy-to-understand.

Tips For Delivering An Effective Informative Speech

Choose A Captivating Topic

When choosing a captivating topic for your informative speech, it is essential to select a subject that will interest your audience. Consider the demographics of your audience and what topics may appeal to them.

For example, if you are presenting at an educational conference, consider discussing innovative teaching methods or new research in education.

Another way to select an engaging topic is by using current events as inspiration.

Remember always to keep in mind why this topic matters.

Use Clear And Concise Language

When delivering an informative speech, it is crucial to use language that is easy for your audience to understand. Avoid using unnecessary jargon or complex vocabulary that could confuse or alienate your listeners.

Using clear and concise language can also help you stay on track and deliver a more effective presentation.

Remember, the goal of an informative speech is to educate your audience, not impress them with fancy words or complicated terminology.

Organize Information In A Logical Manner

Organizing information in a logical manner is crucial for delivering an effective informative speech. This means arranging your ideas in a clear and concise way that helps the audience understand the topic.

One strategy is to start with an attention-grabbing introduction that sets the tone for your speech.

Another important aspect of organizing information is ensuring that transitions between points are smooth and seamless, so listeners can easily follow along without getting lost or confused.

Finally, it’s essential to end your speech with a strong conclusion that sums up all of the main points covered while leaving room for further discussion or questions from the audience.

Use Visual Aids To Enhance Understanding

Visual aids are an excellent way to make your informative speech more engaging and understandable for your audience. They help illustrate complex ideas, clarify information, and keep your listeners focused on your topic.

For instance, if you’re giving a demonstration speech on baking a cake from scratch using visual aid in the form of ingredients that are laid out before you. Through this approach, it helps to give an idea of what elements are needed and how they need to be mixed together properly.

It’s essential to choose visuals that complement the message you want to convey rather than distracting from it.

Remember: only include visuals when necessary; too many can overload listeners with information and become overwhelming – which is something we don’t need because we want our audiences happy!

Practice Your Speech

One of the most important tips for delivering an effective informative speech is to practice your speech beforehand. Practicing allows you to become familiar with your material and confident in your delivery.

When practicing, consider recording yourself or rehearsing in front of a mirror to evaluate your body language and voice modulation.

Remember that timing is crucial when delivering an informative speech; ensure that you stick to the allotted time limit.

In conclusion, practicing before delivering an informative speech is critical for achieving a high-quality delivery that captivates and informs the audience effectively while keeping within the allotted time frame.

Conclusion: Informative Speeches

In conclusion, informative speaking is an essential form of public speaking that aims to educate the audience on a specific topic. From demonstrating how to perform a task to explaining complex concepts and processes, informative speeches come in many forms.

To deliver an effective speech, choose a captivating topic, use clear language and visuals aids, organize information logically and practice your delivery.


1. What is informative speaking and what are its characteristics?

Informative speaking is a type of public speaking that aims to educate or inform the audience about specific topics or subjects. Its main goal is to provide new information, insights, and ideas that can be useful or valuable for the listeners. Some of the characteristics of informative speeches include organization, clarity, accuracy, relevance, and adaptability.

2. What are some examples of topics that can be covered in an informative speech?

Topics for informative speeches can vary depending on the speaker’s interests and expertise as well as the needs and preferences of the audience. Some examples include current events and news stories, scientific discoveries and research findings, social issues and trends, historical events or figures, personal experiences or hobbies/professional skills.

3. How do you prepare an effective informative speech?

To prepare an effective informative speech it is important to conduct thorough research on your topic so you have credible evidence to support your claims. Then choose a clear structure such as chronological order or problem-solution format etc . Furthermore sticking with simple language along with visuals like pictures/videos will ensure better understanding by people from all backgrounds.Incorporating interesting anecdotes also adds human element making it more relatable.Finally rehearsing several times helps recall key points when actually delivering it.

4.What differentiates Informative Speaking from other types of Public Speaking?

The primary difference between Informative Speaking compared to Persuasive & Entertaining speaking (other popular forms) lies in its intent – which aim towards informing rather than persuading audiences into taking action (Persuasive)or providing humor/entertainment (Entertaining). Moreover while persuasive speeches involve emotional appeals and convincing acts;informative speeches rely more on factual data,evidence presented in logical sequences & educational delivery methods based on complexity involved .